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In recent years, although China's logistics packaging industry has made some progress, due to many reasons, China's logistics packaging development has also exposed some problems.
1. Waste and cost of logistics packaging.
China has a large population, a large number of manufacturing enterprises, and a large number of commodities. These have caused an alarming amount of packaging resources consumption in China. While promoting the rapid development of the packaging industry, it has also brought about a continuous increase in packaging waste. What is worrying is that the recycling rate of packaging waste is low. On the one hand, a large number of packaging that can continue to be recycled is directly discarded as waste, resulting in waste of resources; on the other hand, the disposal cost of waste is increased. , bringing ecological burden to the natural environment.
In the usual logistics packaging, many companies use disposable cartons or wooden boxes, and the proportion of recycled packaging is very low. China is a country with scarce forest resources, and many raw materials need to be imported. Due to fluctuations in the supply and demand of raw materials, exchange rate fluctuations and many other unpredictable factors, it will lead to changes in raw material costs. The paper industry is a heavily polluting industry. As the environmental awareness of the whole society strengthens and the national environmental protection level increases, the cost of packaging production will also increase. These factors can cause the cost of logistics packaging and the cost of the entire supply chain to rise. How to reduce the cost of ultra-fast logistics packaging in the entire supply chain by adopting new technologies or new models has become an important issue for enterprises.
2. Logistics packaging standardization issues.
At this stage, the common practice of logistics operations in many industries in China is that upstream suppliers deliver goods to downstream enterprises, often using disposable cartons and wooden boxes for packaging and transportation of goods. Even if the board transportation method is adopted, the pallet standards are not uniform or The pallet circulation is shared throughout the supply chain, and the goods need to be manually unloaded and re-stocked after being delivered to the destination. The situation will inevitably increase the workload of the transportation, transportation, handling, stacking, storage and other circulation links, which not only increases the risk of damage to the goods, but also consumes time and manpower, resulting in reduced logistics operation efficiency and increased logistics costs.
Standardization and systematization are the essential characteristics of logistics operations. It emphasizes the coordination and cooperation of various links and components. In practical applications, the technical requirements of various packaging materials, packaging dimensions, packaging container specifications, packaging machinery, packaging inspection, etc. are not isolated and need to be considered and designed from the perspective of the supply chain. At present, due to the low standardization and standardization of logistics packaging in China, it is difficult to achieve effective convergence and repeated recycling and reuse. This will inevitably lead to an increase in ineffective operations, increased packaging costs, and reduced efficiency. It may also cause environmental pollution to the whole society. And waste of resources. Professor Wu Qingyi, a well-known logistics expert in China, has been actively promoting the construction of pallet standardization and recycling sharing system. In recent years, the theory of unitized logistics has been proposed and its practical application has been vigorously promoted, which is of great significance for promoting the standardization of logistics packaging in China.
3. Insufficient innovation in packaging materials and packaging equipment.
Logistics packaging begins at the end of production and is itself part of manufacturing. With the advancement of manufacturing technology, the establishment of efficient and large-scale production lines has made packaging work rely on advanced machinery and equipment to keep up with efficient production systems. Therefore, advanced packaging equipment has become an indispensable and important production tool.
Packaging equipment mainly refers to machines that complete all or part of the packaging operation. These include the main packaging equipment such as forming, filling, sealing and wrapping, and the equipment for cleaning, drying, sterilizing, labeling, bundling, assembling, disassembling, etc., as well as packaging and auxiliary equipment such as conveying and sorting.
There are many types of packaging equipment, including several aspects: First, various machinery that directly complete the packaging process, such as filling machine, wrapping machine, labeling machine, filling machine, sealing machine, multi-function packaging machine, strapping machine. , washing machine, dryer, sterilizer, etc. Second, packaging materials, packaging equipment manufacturing equipment, such as paper, plastic, composite materials, glass and metal materials and containers manufacturing machinery.
In terms of the total amount, China has become a big packaging country in the world, but there is still a big gap between the developed countries and the developed countries in terms of packaging materials and equipment research and development capabilities. The medium and high-end packaging base materials and packaging machinery (food and beverage packaging, plastic film, etc.), which represent the forefront of packaging technology, are still dominated by developed countries such as Europe, America and Japan; domestic packaging technology research and development and innovation work still needs to be worked hard.
New trends in logistics packaging development
In recent years, information technology represented by Internet technology has developed rapidly, business competition has intensified, and new business models have emerged one after another. These all indicate that logistics has ushered in the passionate era of technological change, and logistics packaging technology must also show a new development trend, mainly reflected in the following three points:
First, brand new materials.
At present, environmental issues are becoming more and more important, resources and energy are becoming more tense, and a circular economy society is being built. The path of sustainable development has become a global focus and urgent task, and has become the norm for the development of various industries and human activities. Therefore, the current degradable materials have become a hot spot in the packaging industry.
A degradable packaging material is a material whose chemical structure changes under a specific environment that causes loss of performance in a specific time. Degradable plastics not only have the functions and characteristics of traditional plastics, but also can be degraded and reduced in the natural environment by the action of ultraviolet rays in sunlight or the action of microorganisms in the atmosphere, soil and water after the service life is completed. Forms re-enter the ecological environment and return to nature. Degradable plastics are mainly classified into synthetic photodegradable plastics, photodegradable plastics with added photosensitizers, and biodegradable plastics, as well as multifunctional degradation plastics that are compounded with various degradable plastics.
Second, a new model.
Traditional packaging product manufacturers and packaging service providers only consider problems from the perspective of products. They only discuss packaging as an auxiliary service of the logistics chain, and rarely actively study the coordination between the logistics system and the packaging system. With the continuous development of Internet technology and the acceleration of the process of global economic integration, market competition has also quietly changed, gradually shifting from the competition between traditional enterprises to the competition between supply chains. Packaging is an important commodity throughout the supply chain and has a significant impact on the operating costs of the entire supply chain. Therefore, in order to better meet the needs of the market, logistics packaging companies are actively changing their mindset and actively moving from the role of product providers to logistics service companies.
The shared leasing and recycling model of pallets and crates is a reflection of this trend. In this model, packaging companies are no longer just suppliers of packaging materials, but also logistics providers that provide logistics services for packaging products in supply chain operations. Through the packaging product distribution center, the packaging company realizes the continuous rapid turnover and simultaneous production cooperation of the packaging materials between the manufacturing enterprise and its downstream customers. The new operating model allows for the replacement of disposable packaging products with a one-time purchase of new materials that are cost-effective and can be used repeatedly. In the long-term revolving logistics operation, the initial high packaging investment is distributed to the service life of the entire package, and the single cost can be reduced a lot, thus greatly reducing the packaging cost of the entire supply chain.
Third, a new concept.
In the field of packaging, the two most popular concepts are now: one is the “people-oriented” concept, which mainly applies the latest ergonomics results; the other is the packaging lifecycle management philosophy.
The application of ergonomics to the field of logistics packaging requires that logistics packaging should first meet the requirements of people. mainly include:
l) Safety requirements
Logistics packaging must ensure that no harm will be caused to people or the environment during the whole process of logistics. Especially for the packaging of dangerous goods, strict precautions must be taken to avoid damage to people due to damage, aging and leakage of packaging. Or pollution to the environment.
2) Appropriate labor intensity
In the process of logistics operations, it is necessary to consider the labor intensity of workers and the requirements for protecting their health. According to ergonomic research, logistics packaging should promote the rationalization of manpower handling; therefore, when manual loading and unloading operations are used, the packaging weight must be limited to the allowable capacity of the person; the outer dimensions of the packaging must be suitable for manual work.
3) Logistics packaging convenience requirements
The convenient function is what the packaging itself should have, and the distribution, circulation processing and other links in the logistics put forward higher requirements on the convenience of packaging, that is, the packaging, the opening of the packaging and the re-sealing packaging are all required to be simple and easy.
At present, many packaging equipment and packaging equipment are designed with these factors in mind.
The whole life cycle management concept of packaging means that the use of packaging should establish a systematic and effective low-carbon system from the packaging materials, production, transportation, storage, use to waste recycling throughout the life cycle, and build the entire packaging service process environmentally friendly. Optimization strategy, that is, the selection and structure of packaging products during production and processing, low-carbon logistics strategy in transportation, warehousing, loading and unloading process, simple and humanized low-carbon consumption packaging strategy, and green recycling principle to achieve packaging Minimize integrated carbon emissions throughout the life cycle. The purpose of low-carbon packaging is to follow the 5R concept throughout the life cycle of the packaging (Reduce - saving energy, reducing pollution, Reevaluate - green value, environmentally friendly purchase, Reuse - reuse, Recycle - recycling and recycling, Rescue - To ensure the coexistence of nature and all things, in order to achieve the lowest carbon emissions in the life cycle, which is of great significance for energy conservation and environmental protection.
In short, the new era of logistics packaging has arrived, and the progress of logistics packaging needs to be promoted in all aspects. As more logistics packaging technologies, new products, and new models are promoted and applied in actual operations, they will eventually generate substantial returns and allow the logistics industry to enter a better tomorrow.